New York

New York 

Universal Citation: NY Penal L § 130.05 (2014)

130.05 Sex offenses; lack of consent.

  1. Whether or  not  specifically  stated,  it is an element of every   offense defined in this  article  that  the  sexual  act  was  committed   without consent of the victim.
  2. Lack of consent results from:

(a) Forcible compulsion; or

(b) Incapacity to consent; or

(c)  Where  the  offense charged is sexual abuse or forcible touching,   any circumstances, in addition to forcible compulsion or  incapacity  to   consent,  in  which the victim does not expressly or impliedly acquiesce   in the actor’s conduct; or

(d) Where the offense charged is rape in the third degree  as  defined   in  subdivision  three  of section 130.25, or criminal sexual act in the   third degree as defined in  subdivision  three  of  section  130.40,  in   addition  to forcible compulsion, circumstances under which, at the time   of the act of intercourse, oral sexual conduct or anal  sexual  conduct,   the victim clearly expressed that he or she did not consent to engage in   such  act,  and  a reasonable person in the actor’s situation would have   understood such person’s words and acts as  an  expression  of  lack  of   consent to such act under all the circumstances.

  1. A person is deemed incapable of consent when he or she is:

(a) less than seventeen years old; or

(b) mentally disabled; or

(c) mentally incapacitated; or

(d) physically helpless; or

(e)  committed  to  the  care  and custody or supervision of the state   department of corrections and community supervision or  a  hospital,  as   such  term  is defined in subdivision two of section four hundred of the   correction law, and the actor is an employee  who  knows  or  reasonably   should  know  that  such  person is committed to the care and custody or   supervision of  such  department  or  hospital.  For  purposes  of  this   paragraph,  “employee”  means (i) an employee of the state department of   corrections and community  supervision  who,  as  part  of  his  or  her   employment,  performs  duties:  (A)  in a state correctional facility in   which the victim is confined at the time of the  offense  consisting  of   providing   custody,  medical  or  mental  health  services,  counseling   services,  educational  programs,  vocational  training,   institutional   parole services or direct supervision to inmates; or

(B)  of  supervising  persons  released  on  community supervision and   supervises the victim at the time of the offense or has  supervised  the   victim  and  the victim is still under community supervision at the time   of the offense; or

(ii) an employee of the office of mental health who, as part of his or   her employment, performs duties in  a  state  correctional  facility  or   hospital,  as  such  term  is defined in subdivision two of section four   hundred of the correction law in which the inmate  is  confined  at  the   time  of the offense, consisting of providing custody, medical or mental   health services, or direct supervision to such inmates; or

(iii) a person, including a volunteer, providing  direct  services  to   inmates in a state correctional facility in which the victim is confined   at  the  time  of the offense pursuant to a contractual arrangement with   the state department of corrections and community supervision or, in the   case of a volunteer, a written agreement with such department,  provided   that  the  person  received  written notice concerning the provisions of   this paragraph; or

(f) committed  to  the  care  and  custody  of  a  local  correctional   facility, as such term is defined in subdivision two of section forty of   the  correction  law,  and the actor is an employee, not married to such    person, who  knows  or  reasonably  should  know  that  such  person  is   committed to the care and custody of such facility. For purposes of this   paragraph,  “employee”  means  an  employee  of  the  local correctional   facility  where the person is committed who performs professional duties   consisting of providing custody,  medical  or  mental  health  services,   counseling  services,  educational  services, or vocational training for   inmates. For purposes of this paragraph, “employee” shall  also  mean  a   person,  including  a  volunteer  or  a government employee of the state   department of corrections and community supervision or a  local  health,   education  or  probation agency, providing direct services to inmates in   the local correctional facility in which the victim is confined  at  the   time of the offense pursuant to a contractual arrangement with the local   correctional  department  or,  in  the  case  of  such  a  volunteer  or   government employee, a written agreement with such department,  provided   that  such  person  received written notice concerning the provisions of   this paragraph; or

(g) committed to or placed with the  office  of  children  and  family   services  and  in  residential  care,  and the actor is an employee, not   married to such person, who knows or reasonably should  know  that  such   person is committed to or placed with such office of children and family   services  and  in  residential  care.  For  purposes  of this paragraph,   “employee” means an employee  of  the  office  of  children  and  family   services  or of a residential facility in which such person is committed   to or placed at the time of the offense who,  as  part  of  his  or  her   employment,  performs duties consisting of providing custody, medical or   mental  health  services,  counseling  services,  educational  services,   vocational  training,  or  direct supervision to persons committed to or   placed in a residential facility operated by the office of children  and   family services; or

(h)  a  client  or  patient and the actor is a health care provider or   mental health care provider charged with rape in  the  third  degree  as   defined  in  section  130.25, criminal sexual act in the third degree as   defined in section 130.40, aggravated sexual abuse in the fourth  degree   as  defined  in section 130.65-a, or sexual abuse in the third degree as   defined in section 130.55, and the act of sexual conduct occurs during a   treatment session, consultation, interview, or examination; or

(i) a resident  or  inpatient  of  a  residential  facility  operated,   licensed  or  certified  by  (i)  the  office of mental health; (ii) the   office for people with developmental disabilities; or (iii)  the  office   of alcoholism and substance abuse services, and the actor is an employee   of  the facility not married to such resident or inpatient. For purposes   of this paragraph, “employee” means either: an employee  of  the  agency   operating  the residential facility, who knows or reasonably should know   that such person is a resident or inpatient of  such  facility  and  who   provides  direct  care  services,  case  management services, medical or   other clinical services, habilitative services or direct supervision  of   the  residents  in  the  facility  in  which the resident resides; or an   officer or other employee, consultant, contractor or  volunteer  of  the   residential  facility,  who  knows  or  reasonably  should know that the   person is a resident of such facility and who is in direct contact  with   residents  or inpatients; provided, however, that the provisions of this   paragraph shall only apply to  a  consultant,  contractor  or  volunteer   providing services pursuant to a contractual arrangement with the agency   operating  the  residential  facility  or, in the case of a volunteer, a   written agreement with such facility, provided that the person  received   written  notice  concerning  the  provisions of this paragraph; provided   further,  however,  “employee”  shall  not  include  a  person  with   a   developmental disability who is or was receiving services and is also an    employee  of  a service provider and who has sexual contact with another   service recipient who is a consenting adult who has  consented  to  such   contact.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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